Excellent point. I do think there needs to be more data specifying the details of these interactions. In San Diego and NYC black people are more likely to be charged with resisting arrest. But as you point out, the devil’s in the details.
Resisting arrest versus police neglect is a topic that needs extensive study especially now. I don’t know if I can fully agree with your statement: “officers are often the people who escalate the situation to violence.”
Harvard professor, Roland Fryer studied the way in which police offers treat blacks versus white people. It’s called the “Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences” and found that while more whites are killed by police, black people are far more likely to be roughed up upon arrest (thrown into walls, ground, mistreated in general).
The question I draw from this study is: “How much of this is police mistreatment and how much is resisting arrest?” More studies like Fryer’s need to come out and we need tough conversations where we discern the facts of said studies.
There definitely needs to be immediate police reform, but if we put all our blame in one place, I don’t think we’ll solve any problems in the end.